The Problem of Eternity of the World in the Philosophical-Theological Theory of Grigor Tatevatsi
Keywords:Grigor Tatevatsi, Creationism, God, Will of God, Creation, Eternity of the World, Actuality, Potentiality, Necessary Being, Time
The famous Armenian theologian and philosopher Grigor Tatevatsi (1346-1409) in his teaching tries to compare the biblical truth of creation with the philosophical postulate regarding the eternity of the world. Principally, being a creationist thinker, he criticized the theories that made the Materia co-eternal to God, meanwhile, he proposed the following arguments regarding the eternity of the world: a) before the creation the world existed actually by influence in the providence of God as an immaterial paradigm; b) the world is eternal because it is linked to eternity; c) the God is the eternal and always actual being, therefore the world was created eternal and the eternal is the necessary being which never can become none-being; d) the will of God is unchangeable, He cannot make the created world become non-being otherwise His will would change; e) the God does not make the world become non-being not because He is unable to do so but due to the boundless goodness; f. the world is eternal because the four elements and qualities that are the basis of it, are eternal. Therefore, even though the arguments proposed by Tatevatsi are based on and contain typical ideas of Neoplatonism, one has to take into account that he speaks of the eternity of the created world rather than co-existence of world with the God.
Tatevatsi, G. (1729). Girq harcmanc (The Book of Interpellations, in Armenian). Constantinopolis: Printing house of Mahdesi Asatur.
Tatevatsi, G. (1740). Girq qarozut’yan, vor kochi d’meran hator (The Book of Sermons Called the Winter Volume, in Armenian). Constantinopolis: Printing house of Abraham Dpir.
Tatevatsi, G. (1746). Girq, vor kochi voskeporik (The Book Called Golden Belly, in Armenian). Constantinopolis: Printing house of Abraham Dpir.
How to Cite
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.