Verbal And Non-Verbal Characteristics Of Approval Speech Act
Keywords:evaluation, speech act, approval, verbalized kineme, gesture, facial expression
The paper focuses on verbal and non-verbal characteristics of approval speech act in English literary discourse. Approval evaluation object have been identified including things, ideas, facts, traditions, weather conditions, events, pieces of news and other phenomena that become evaluated. It has been proved that approval evaluation objects never refer to the addressee's sphere of interests and that the approval recipient and the evaluation object of approval never overlap. The article also dwells on illocutionary aims pursued by approval speech act addressers and the perlocutionary effect of approval speech act. The main part of the paper considers lexical, morphological, syntactic, and stylistic means applied by the personages of literary fictional discourse to express approval of a certain object. Finally, non-verbal means manifesting approval have been identified. It has been found out that in literary fictional discourse it is the verbalized kinemes that specify the emotional state of the approval addresser and signal whether the approving utterance is sincere or not.
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