Patience: an Introduction to the Concept
Keywords:concept, meaning, notion, cognition, formation, patience, virtue, mentality
The paper considers the definition and characteristics of concept within the main aspects of its study, in particular, epistemological, philosophical, linguocultural, cognitive and psycholinguistic. The experience of working out the various approaches to the interpretation and formation of the concept is reflected. Patience is one of the key concepts on which the society relies, using it as a key to maintain human rights and freedoms. The genesis of patience in philosophy is related to the person's representation of the world, the formation of abstract norms of behavior and the embodiment of this behavior in a particular situation.
In modern cognitive linguistics studying of the concept is rather actual and controversial nowadays, as it is functionally significant for the corresponding culture. Any concept is realized in language units. We’ve made the semantic-etymological analysis of the word patience and come to the conclusion that semantic structure of the concept “patience” in English consists of the different meanings, forming the conceptual layer of the investigated concept.
Aristotel (2002). Metafizika. Perevody. Kommentarii. Tokovaniya (Metaphysics. Translations. Commentary. Interpretation, in Russion). St. Petersbur: Aleteyya. Kiev: Elgar.
Arutyunova, N. D. (1993). Vvedeniye (Introduction, in Russian). Logical analysis of language. Mental actions (pp. 3-7). Moscow: Nauka.
Askoldov-Alekseev, S. A. (1997). Kontsept i slovo (Concept and word, in Russian). Russion literature. From the theory of literature to the structure of the text. Anthology (pp. 267-280). Moscow: Academy.
Babushkin, A. P. (1996). Tipy kontseptov v leksiko-frazeologicheskoy semantike yazyka (Types of concepts in lexical and phraseological semantics, in Russian). Voronezh: Voronezh National University Publication.
Vorkachev, S. G. (2002). Metodologicheskiye osnovaniya lingvokontseptologii. Aspekty metakommunikativnoy deyatelnosti: teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya lingvistika (Methodological basis for linguistis concept studies. The aspects of metacommunicative activity: theoterical and applied linguistics, in Russian). Inter-institutional collection of scientific works, 3, 79-95.
Vorkachev, S. G. (2004). Schaste kak lingvokulturnyy kontsept (Happiness as linguocultural concept, in Russian). Moscow: Gnozis.
Golubovska, I. O. (2004). Etn?chn? osoblivost? movnikh kartin sv?tu (Ethnical Characteristics of Language Picture of the World, in Ukrainian). Kyiv: Logos.
Goldberg, V. B. (2001). Strukturnye svyazi v leksiko-frazeologicheskom pole (Structural connections in lexical and phraseological field, in Russian). In N. N. Boldyrev (Ed.), Language as functional system (pp. 57-62). Tambov: Tambov University Publication.
Demiankov, V. Z. (2001). Ponyatiye kontsept v khudozhestvennoy literature i v nauchnom yazyke (Definition of concept in fiction and in science, in Russian). Issues of Philology, 1, 35-47.
Zusman, V. G. (2003). Kontsept v sisteme gumanitarnogo znaniya (Concept in the system of Arts, in Russian). Issues of Literature, 2, 3-29.
Karasik, V. I. (2004). Yazykovoy krug: lichnost, kontsepty, diskurs (Linguistic background: personality, concepts, discourse, in Russian)– Moscow: Gnozis.
Karaulov, Y. N. (1987). Russkiy yazyk i yazykovaya lichnost (Russian language and linguistic personality, in Russian). Moscow: Nauka.
Kolesov, V. V. (1992). Kontsept kultury: obraz – ponyatiye – simvol (The concept of culture: image – notion – symbol, in Russian). Journal of St. Petersburg National University. Series 2: “Linguistics”, 3(16), 30-40.
Likhachev, D. S. (1993). Kontseptosfera russkogo yazyka (Sphere of concepts in Russian Language, in Russian). Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Literature and Language, 52(1), 3-9.
Maslova, V. A. (2004). Kognitivnaya lingvistika (Cognitive linguistics, in Russian). Minsk: Tetra Systems.
Nikitina, S. E. (1991). O kontseptualnom analize v narodnoy kulture (About conceptual analysis in national culture, in Russian). In N. D. Arutyunova (Ed.), Logical analysis of language. Cultural concepts (pp. 117-123). Moscow: Nauka.
Oparina, E. O. (1999) Lingvokul’turologiya: metodologicheskie osnovaniya i bazovye ponyatiya (Linguistic ?ultural Studies: Methodological Background and Basic Notions, in Russian). In E. O. Opari-na (Ed.), Language and Culture: A Collection of Reviews (pp. 27-48). Moscow: INION RAN.
Pianalto, M. (2016). On Patience: Reclaiming a Foundational Virtue. Lanham: Boulder, New-York, London: Lexington Books.
Popova, Z. D., & Sternin, I. A. (2001). Ocherki po kognitivnoy lingvistike (Essays on cognitive linguistics, in Russian). Voronezh: Istoki.
Popova, Z. D., & Sternin, I. A. (2002). Yazyk i natsionalnaya kartina mira (Language and national world picture, in Russian). Voronezh: Istoki.
Slyshkin, G. G. (2000). Ot teksta k simvolu: lingvokulturnye kontsepty pretsedentnykh tekstov v soznaniye i diskurse (From text to symbol: linguocultural concepts of precedential texts in consciousness and discourse, in Russian). Moscow: Academia.
Slyshkin, G. G. (2004). Lingvokulturnyy kontsept kak sistemnoe obrazovaniye (Linguocultural concept as systemic formation). Vestnik of Volgograd State University. Series “Linguistics and intercultural communication”, 1, 29-34.
Stepanov, Y. S. (2001). Konstanty. Slovar russkoy kultury (Constants. Dictionary of Russian culture, in Russian). M.: Akademicheskiy Proekt.
Fauconnier, G. (1997). Mapping in thought and language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Turner, M. (1994). Design for a theory of meaning. In Overton, W. & Palermo, D. (Eds.). The nature and ontogenesis of meaning (pp.91-107). NJ: Lawrence Elbaum.
Whipp, M. (2017). The Grace of Waiting: Learning patience and embracing its gifts. London: Canterbury Press Norwich.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 WISDOM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, and providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.