Self-Actualization and Stress Resistance: Methodological and Practical Aspects of Studying the Personality of Students in the Process of Distance Learning




self-actualization, methodological aspects, distance learning, student’s personality, assessment of one's own effectiveness, stress resistance level


The article considers the issues of studying the self-actualization of the personality by the representatives of various conceptual schools. We consider distance learning in the higher education system as a capacity for opportunities, as the implementation of an individual approach in learning, motivating the student to self-learn, freedom from rigid binding to the territory and a certain period of time, objective assessment of learning results. The study's goal is to investigate the connection between the self-actualization of the personality and the level of students' stress resistance in the process of distance learning.

Research methods: questionnaires and testing. Based on theoretical analysis, the methodological basis of the study was determined in relation to the self-actualization of the personality as the highest level of its development in the context of humanistic psychology, distance learning. As a result of an empirical study, the authors of the article revealed the correlation between the ambition for self-actualization and the level of stress resistance. The ambition for self-actualization correlates with the level of assessment of one’s effectiveness in distance learning, and there are sex differences according to the criteria of the ambition for self-actualization and the level of stress resistance.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Srbuhi GEVORGYAN, Khachatur Abovyan Armenian State Pedagogical University

PhD, Doctor of Sciences in Psychology, Rector of Khachatur Abovyan Armenian State Pedagogical University. She is also the chairman of the council of Psychology “064” and the Chief Editor of the journal of Main Issues of Pedagogy and Psychology. S. Gevorgyan is the author of 109 scientific publications and proceedings of the international conferences. Her research interests include social psychology, communication psychology, age and pedagogical psychology.

Asya BERBERYAN, Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University

PhD, Dr. of Science in Psychology, the Head of the Psychology Department at the Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University, Head of Psychology direction of the Institute for Humanities (Yerevan, Republic of Armenia). She is also the Head of the Armenian Regional Department of All-professional psychotherapeutic league and the Armenian branch of the International Academy of Psychological Sciences, a member of the International Council of Professional Therapists. Berberyan is the author of 250 scientific publications and proceedings of the international conferences has certificates of practically orientated courses. Her research interests include psychology of higher education, studies of ethnic identity and virtual reality investigation.

Hermine BERBERYAN, University of Groningen

PhD Student in the Cognitive Modelling group at Bernoulli Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. She has a bachelor’s and master’s degrees (both Cum laude) in Psychology from Russian-Armenian University (Yerevan, Armenia). Previously she was a scholar of Erasmus +. Her research interests lie in the fields of computational neuroscience and psychology, where she is applying machine learning algorithms (hidden semi-Markov model multivariate pattern analysis, HsMM-MVPA) and advanced statistical analysis to behavioural and neuroimaging data (EEG, MEG). Additionally, her research interests include ethnic studies and virtual/augmented reality.


Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, K. A. (1991). Strategiya zhizni (Life strategy, in Russian). Moscow: Mysl'.

Adler, A. (2013). The practice and theory of individual psychology. (Vol. 133). Routledge.

Ananga, P. (2020). Pedagogical considerations of e-learning in education for development in the face of COVID-19. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 4(4), 310-321.

Assagioli, R. (2002). Psikhosintez. Printsipy i tekhniki (Psychosynthesis: Principles and techniques, in Russian). Moscow: Eksmo-press.

Berberyan, A. S. (2018). Ekzistentsialíno-gumanisticheskaya psikhologiya kak fundamental'noe osnovanie kontseptsii lichnostno-tsentrirovannogo obucheniya v sisteme vysshego obrazovaniya (Existential-humanistic psychology as the fundamental basis of the concept of person-centered learning in the higher education system, in Russian). Praga: V?deckovydavatelskÈcentrum ìsociosfÈra-czî.

Berberyan, A. S. (2020). Distancionnoe obuchenie v sisteme vysshego obrazovaniya v usloviyah pandemii: vyzovy i vozmozhnosti (Remote training in the higher education system under the pandemic conditions: Challenges and opportunities, in Russian). Antologiya vsemirnoj psihoterapii (Anthology of Russian Psychotherapy and Psychology, in Russian), 31-35.

Butcher, J., & Rose-Adams, J. (2015). Part-time learners in open and distance learning: Revisiting the critical importance of choice, flexibility and employability. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 30(2), 127-137.

Chiang, H. M., & Maslow, A. H. (Eds.) (1969). The healthy personality: Readings. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

Elkonin, D. B. (1971). K probleme periodizacii psikhicheskogo razvitiya v detskom vozraste (On the problem of periodization of mental development in childhood, in Russian). Voprosy psikhologii (Questions of Psychology, in Russian), 4, 39-51.

Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. WW Norton & Company.

Erikson, E. H. (1994). Identity and the life cycle. WW Norton & Company.

Franken, R. E. (1998). Human motivation. Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Frankl, V. E. (1962). Manís search for meaning: An introduction to logotherapy. Beacon Press (MA).

Freud, S. (2003). An outline of psychoanalysis. Penguin UK.

Frydenberg, E., & Lewis, R. (1991). Adolescent coping in the Australian context. The Australian Educational Researcher, 18(2), 65-82.

Garanina, Zh. G., & Maltseva, O. E. (2016). Samoregulyatsiya kak faktor lichnostno-professional'nogo samorazvitiya budushchikh spetsialistov (Self-regulation as a factor of personal and professional self-development of future specialists, in Russian). Integraciya obrazovaniya (Integration of Education, in Russian), 20(3), 374-381.

Hjelle, L. A., & Ziegler, D. J. (1992). Personality theories: Basic assumptions, research, and applications. McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Ivanov, M. S., & Yanitskii, M. S. (2004). K probleme otsenki potentsiala samorealizatsii lichnosti v protsesse obucheniya (On the problem of assessing the potential for self-realization of an individual in the learning process, in Russian). Filosofiya obrazovaniya (Philososphy of Education, in Russian), 11, 233-241.

Kienko, E. V., & Morozova, I. S. (2011). Professionalínye aspekty samorealizatsii lichnosti (Professional aspects of personality self-realization, in Russian). Filosofiya obrazovaniya (Philososphy of Education, in Russian), 2, 247-253.

Klochko, V. E., & Galazhinskii, E. V. (1999). Samorealizatsiya lichnosti: sistemnyi vzglyad (Self-realization of personality: A systemic view, in Russian). Tomsk: Isdatelstvo Tomskogo Universiteta.

Korostyleva, L. A. (1997). Problema samorealizatsii lichnosti v sisteme nauk o cheloveke (Problems of personality self-realization in the system of human sciences, in Russian). In A. A. Krylova, & L. A. Korostylevoi (Eds), Psikhologicheskie problemy samorealizatsii lichnosti (Psychological problems of personality self-realization, in Russian) (pp. 3-19). Saint Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University.

Kudinov, S. I. (2007). Polisistemnyj podhod issledovaniya samorealizacii lichnosti (Polysystem approach to the study of personality self-realization, in Russian). Sibirskij pedagogicheskij zhurnal (Siberian Pedagogical Journal, in Russian), 11, 335-344.

Leontiev, D. A. (2006). Lichnostnyi potentsial kak potentsial samoregulyatsii (Personal potential as the potential of self-regulation, in Russian). In B. S. Bratus, & E. E. Sokolova (Eds), Uchenye zapiski kafedry obshchei psikhologii (Scientific notes of the Department of General Psychology, in Russian) (pp. 85-105). Moscow: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Maslow, A. (1965). Self-actualization and beyond. Proceedings of the Conference on the Training of Counselors of Adults, 108-131.

Maslow, A. H. (1971). The farther reaches of human nature. (Vol. 19711). New York: Viking Press.

Popova, A. F., & Popova, A. A. (2016). Psychophysiology of self-knowledge and personality development in physical culture university. Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, 5, 3-3.

Pytell, T. (2015). Viktor Frankl's search for meaning: An emblematic 20th-century life. New York: Berghahn Books.

Rastorgueva, E. N. (2014). Samoaktualizatsiya kak sub"ektnyi fenomen (Self-actualization as a subjective phenomenon, in Russian). Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya (Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, in Russian), 22(3), 105-118.

Rogers, C. R. (1995). On becoming a person: A therapist's view of psychotherapy. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Boston, New York.

Rubinshtein, S. L. (1969). Chelovek i mir (Man and the world, in Russian). In E. V. Shorokhova (Ed.), Metodologicheskie i teoreticheskie problemy psikhologii (Methodological and theoretical problems of psychology, in Russian) (pp. 348-374). Moscow: Nauka.

Selye, H. (1936). A syndrome produced by diverse nocuous agents. Nature, 138(3479), 32-32.

Tomassini, M., & Zanazzi, S. (2014). Reflexivity and self-development of competencies as key drivers in individuals, learning and career paths: Cases from Italy. Research in Comparative and International Education, 9(3), 301-312.

Vygotskii, L. S. (1999). Myshlenie i rech' (Thinking and speech, in Russian). Moscow: Labirint.




How to Cite

GEVORGYAN, S., BERBERYAN, A., & BERBERYAN, H. (2022). Self-Actualization and Stress Resistance: Methodological and Practical Aspects of Studying the Personality of Students in the Process of Distance Learning. WISDOM, 21(1), 44–59.




Most read articles by the same author(s)