Cognitive Signified as Mental Representation of Realia
Keywords:linguistic sign, signifier, ignified, cognitive, frame, cognitive model, objective reality, subjective reality
The article studies the conceptualisation of the worldview, where language, as the system of signs and, hence, a means of cognition, is of high importance. Understanding the sign as a unity of the signifier and the signified, the research is focused on the latter, since it is not limited only to the reflection of objects, situations of objective reality, but also to displaying the observed, experienced, various phenomena of the person’s inner world and speech activity. Due to the nature of information, the signifieds can be classed in cognitive, communicative, evaluative, exclamatory, and relational, where cognitive is the most essential since it is the basis of the communication content, a cognitive model which contains the knowledge of the speakers about the classes of realia. Thus, the cognitive signified is studied in terms of cognitive semantics, which describes the meaning as a result of categorisation and conceptualisation of the world by representatives of a particular culture and covers the experience, feelings, which may not correspond to the real situation. Hence, the cognitive signified is the frame for reflecting objective and subjective reality, being the result of cognition of individual realia in certain forms of human thinking.
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