Cognitive Signified as Mental Representation of Realia


  • Olesia BARBANIUK Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University
  • Tetiana PETROVA Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University



linguistic sign, signifier, ignified, cognitive, frame, cognitive model, objective reality, subjective reality


The article studies the conceptualisation of the worldview, where language, as the system of signs and, hence, a means of cognition, is of high importance. Understanding the sign as a unity of the signifier and the signified, the research is focused on the latter, since it is not limited only to the reflection of objects, situations of objective reality, but also to displaying the observed, experienced, various phenomena of the person’s inner world and speech activity. Due to the nature of information, the signifieds can be classed in cognitive, communicative, evaluative, exclamatory, and relational, where cognitive is the most essential since it is the basis of the communication content, a cognitive model which contains the knowledge of the speakers about the classes of realia. Thus, the cognitive signified is studied in terms of cognitive semantics, which describes the meaning as a result of categorisation and conceptualisation of the world by representatives of a particular culture and covers the experience, feelings, which may not correspond to the real situation. Hence, the cognitive signified is the frame for reflecting objective and subjective reality, being the result of cognition of individual realia in certain forms of human thinking.


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Author Biographies

Olesia BARBANIUK, Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the English Department in Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University, Ukraine. The areas of interest include linguosemiotics, cognitive linguistics, frame semantics, psycholinguistics, extra-linguistic studies, translation studies. Recent publications: “Representation Model of Hyperreal Fantasy World: Phraseological Dimension”, “Culture-Loaded Vocabulary: A Problem of Definition”, “Gender Asymmetry in Fiction Fantasy World of Ursula Le Guin”.

Tetiana PETROVA, Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University

PhD in Pedagogics, Associate Professor of the English Department in Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University, Ukraine. The research interests lie in the sphere of linguosemiotics, word theory, extra-linguistic studies. Recent publications: “Hydronyms as Markers of Spatial Orientation”, “Reduplication of –er Suffix in Modern English Word-Formation”, “Impliciticity of Rhetorical Questions”.


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How to Cite

BARBANIUK, O., & PETROVA, T. (2022). Cognitive Signified as Mental Representation of Realia. WISDOM, 21(1), 6–12.