The Problem of Definition of Christian Sociology




definitions of sociology, preliminary definition of Christian sociology, Christian church and socialism


This article suggests that different definitions of sociology follow from the different interpretations of its essence. The article points out also that a common flaw of many definitions of sociology is that they omit the intention and purpose of sociological science. Thereby, definitions of sociology by R. Kocharyan and A. Jijyan are presented, which explicitly mention the intentions and purposes of sociology. On the above basis, a preliminary definition of Christian sociology is suggested. Aimed at further elaboration of the subject, the authors consider the position of the Christian church regarding capitalism and socialism, the problem of free will, and certain aspects of Christian socialism related to the emergence of the social state in developed countries. This brings to a new understanding of the highest goal of the Christian religion – the salvation of the human soul – in the realities of the modern world. Accordingly, a definition of Christian sociology is presented with a detailed expression of its intention and purpose.


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Author Biographies

Anahit JIJYAN, Armenian State Pedagogical University

PhD in Philosophy, Scientific Secretary of Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law NAS RA, Associate Professor at the Chair of Sociology and Social Work at ASPU, Yerevan, Armenia. The areas of interest include theory and methodology of sociology, theory and models of social work, social work with youth, social work with vulnerable groups. Jijyan is the author of 3 monographs and 33 scientific articles. Recent publications: “Social Work in Transforming Society”, “The Specificity of Christian Social Work with Needy Families in RA”, “Social Work Models” and “Social Work and Ethics. Analysis of Some Methodological Issues”.

Romik KOCHARYAN, Armenian State Pedagogical University

PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher at the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of An- cient Manuscripts, Associate Professor at the Chair of Sociology and Social Work at ASPU, Yerevan, Armenia. His areas of interest include theory, history and application of hermeneutics, theoretical and practical philosophy, philosophy of history, theology, theory and methodology of sociology and social work. Kocharyan is the author of 5 monographs and 50 scientific articles. Recent publications: “History and Hermeneutics. Book 1: Historical-Scientific Conception of Movses Khorenatsi”, “Philosophical Her- meneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer”, “Education to Wisdom”, and with co-author “Social Science And Hermeneutics: Social Work Models”.


Postgraduate student of sociology, Chief Supervisor at Armenian Sociological Association. His areas of interest include the history of sociology, sociology of religion, sociology of identity. He is the author of more than 6 scientific articles. Recent publications: “Revealing by the Method of Case-Study the Social-psychological Consequences of the Armenian Genocide”, “Some Specific Features of Religious Situation in Armenia”, “Idea of Family in Khachatur Erzrumetci “Hamarotakan Imastasirutyun” work”.


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How to Cite

JIJYAN, A., KOCHARYAN, R., & QOCHARYAN, N. (2021). The Problem of Definition of Christian Sociology. WISDOM, 20(4), 21–32.