Islamic Extremism Strategy of “Near and Far Enemy” (From the 1980s Till Now)


  • Sargis GRIGORYAN Yerevan State University



Islamic Extremism, “Near and Far Enemy”, Abdullah Azzam, Usama bin Ladin, “Al-Qaeda”, ISIS


In the 1980s, the “Al-Qaeda” launched the tactics of the struggle against the “Near and Far Enemy”. It found its ideological grounds in the Islamic extremism in the 1980-90s with practical implications, affecting the current geopolitical and global economic trends in the Muslim world and well beyond it. In the Islamic extremism ideology, this strategy also received textual-substantive justifications of symbolic perceptions, which, of course, influenced the behaviour of extremists. The present research attempts to investigate the peculiarities of the tactics mentioned, which were masterminded and enriched by the ideologists of Islamic extremism, becoming one of the motives of the activities of Islamic extremists starting from the 1980s up to the current developments and one of the grounds for targets of Jihad.


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Author Biography

Sargis GRIGORYAN, Yerevan State University

PhD, Associate Professor, Lecturer at the Faculty of the Oriental Studies of Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia; Researcher at the Institute for Armenian Studies of YSU. His areas of interest include regional developments in the Middle East; Islamic extremism ideology. He is the author of 3 monographs and 20 articles. Monographs: “Islamic State. From Roots to the Proclamation of Caliphate”, YSU, 2016, “Islamic Radicalism in the Caucasus”, YSU, 2017, “The Syrian Conflict in 2011-2020”, YSU, 2020. Recent article: “Transformations of the Islamic Extremism and the Emergence of the “Islamic State” (from the end of 20th century till 2014)”, 2021.


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How to Cite

GRIGORYAN, S. (2022). Islamic Extremism Strategy of “Near and Far Enemy” (From the 1980s Till Now). WISDOM, 21(1), 60–65.