Philosophical and Sociological Nature of the Indonesian Maubesi People’s Natoni Religion
Keywords:religious rites, nationi religion, Aaubesi people, Atoni tribe
The Atoni people of East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, is a community with cultural values in the form of lyrics or dances to celebrate momentums in the lifecycle such as birth, marriage, death, welcoming guests, and the change of seasons, especially the planting season. This research is carried out in Maubesi village, North-Central Timor Regency. This is a qualitative type of research. The data is collected through profound observation and interviews. The researcher becomes the critical informant, and the data is analysed descriptively. From the results of this research, it may be concluded that the rites of the Natoni religion for the Maubesi People, North-Central Timor, East Nusa Tenggara is worship to Uis Neno, which is a belief inherited from the ancestors with special rites. These rites involve the customary structure, including the king, which is completed with rice and betels, and the slaughtering ceremony. This makes the Natoni religion a force or local wisdom which binds the Maubesi people who have embraced other religions such as Catholic and Protestant to carry out the syncretism process, revising the values of that belief. Such rites are then defined as the same as worshipping God the Almighty.
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