Language-Philosophy Anomalies in the Framework of Free Indirect Speech: By the Example of Marina Tsvetaeva’s Prose


  • Olga PUCHININA Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University
  • Alevtina KORMILTSEVA Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University



language/linguistic anomalies, occasionalisms, Marina Tsvetaeva, norm, deviation from the norm, free indirect speech


The authors of the article consider Marina Tsvetaeva’s prose from the point of view of the relationship between the concepts of “norm” and “anomaly”, one of the topical issues of contemporary linguistics. The authors stress the importance of the topic in question and the found language material in the text field of the really unique Russian poet – Marina Tsvetaeva. Several classifications of linguistic anomalies and their functions have been studied in the paper. Within the framework of this article, the authors analyse linguistic anomalies on different levels of the language by the example of complexes with free indirect speech, sampled in the prosaic texts of the great Russian poet and writer. They conclude that it is characteristic for Marina Tsvetaeva to experiment with lexis, syntax and punctuation. At the same time, such language incorrectness promotes reflecting the complexity and originality of the author’s perception of the world, conflicts with contemporaries, personal and social drama. Another feature that makes the paper relevant is the choice of free indirect speech as the research target. This research work is the first attempt to study the problem of linguistic anomalies by the example of complexes with free indirect speech.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Olga PUCHININA, Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

Assistant Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages of Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Elabuga, Russia.

Alevtina KORMILTSEVA, Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages of Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Elabuga, Russia.


Abrusan, M. (2019). Semantic anomaly, pragmatic infelicity, and ungrammaticality. Annual Review of Linguistics, 5(1), 329-351. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from

Apresyan, Yu. D. (1990). Yazykovyye anomalii: vidy i funktsii (Language abnormalities: Types and functions, in Russian). In Res Philologica: Filologicheskie issledovaniya. Pamyati akademi-ka Georgiya Vladimirovicha Stepanova (1919-1986) (Res Philologica: Philological studies. In Memory of Academician Georgy Vladimirovich Stepanov (1919-1986), in Russian), 50-71. Moscow; Leningrad: Nauka.

Apresyan, Yu. D. (1995a). Anomaliya yazyka i logicheskoye protivorechiye (Anomaly of language and logical contradiction, in Russian.) In Selected Works: In 2 volumes. Tom II: Integral`noe opisanie yazy`ka i sistemnaya leksikografiya (Vol. II: Integral Description of Language and Systemic Lexicography, in Russian) (pp. 598-621). Moscow: Languages of Russian culture.

Apresyan, Yu. D. (1995b). Roman “Dar” v prostranstve Vladimira Nabokova (The novel “Gift” in the space of Vladimir Nabokov, in Russian). In Selected Works: In 2 volumes. Tom II: Inte-gral`noe opisanie yazy`ka i sistemnaya leksikografiya (Vol. II: Integral Description of Lan-guage and Systemic Lexicography, in Russian) (pp. 651-694). Moscow: Languages of Rus-sian culture.

Apresyan, Yu. D. (1995c). Anomaliya yazyka i logicheskoye protivorechiye (Anomaly of language and logical contradiction, in Russian). In Selected Works: In 2 volumes. Tom II: Integral`noe opisanie yazy`ka i sistemnaya leksikografiya (Vol. II: Integral Description of Language and Systemic Lexicography, in Russian) (pp. 622-628). Moscow: Languages of Russian culture.

Arutyunova, N. D. (1987). Anomaliya i yazyk (K probleme yazykovoy kartiny mira) (Anomaly and language (On the problem of the linguistic picture of the world), in Russian). Issues of Lin-guistics, 3, 3-19.

Arutyunova, N. D. (1990). Vvedeniye (Introduction, in Russian). In Logicheskij analiz yazy`ka: Pro-tivorechivost` i anomal`nost` teksta: Sb. nauchn. trudov (Logical analysis of the language: The contradictory and anomalous text: Sat. scientific Proceedings) (pp. 3-8). Moscow: Nauka.

Asoulin, E. (2013). The creative aspect of language use and the implications for linguistic science. Bi-olinguistics, 7, 228-248.

Asoulin, E. (2016). Language as an instrument of thought. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics, 1(1), 1-23.

Babenko, N. G. (1997). Okkazionalizmy v khudozhestvennom tekste. Strukturno-semanticheskiy ana-liz (Occasionalisms in the literary text. Structural and semantic analysis, in English). Kalinin-grad. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from

Bock, J. K. (1996). Language production: Methods and methodologies. Psychonomic Bulletin & Re-view, 3, 395-421.

Borovkova, E. (2021). Strukturno-semanticheskie i lingvo-stilisticheskie osobennosti aforizmov O. Uajl`da (Structural-semantic and linguistic-stylistic features of O. Wilde’s maxims, in Rus-sian). Modern Studies of Social Issues, 13(2), 55-70.

Bulygina, T. V., & Shmelev, A. D. (1997). Yazykovaya kontseptualizatsiya mira (na materiale russ-koy grammatiki) (The language conceptualization of the world (Based on Russian grammar), in Russian). Moscow: Languages of Russian culture.

Chomsky, N. (2009). Syntactic structures. Berlin: Mouton.

Chomsky, N. (2017). On language. New York: The New Press.

Clark, H. H. (1996). Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ebbesen, S. (2019). Imposition of words in stoicism and late ancient grammar and philosophy. Meth-odos, 19.

Fromkin, V. A. (1971). The non-anomalous nature of anomalous utterances. Language, 47(1), 27-52.

Giannakidou, A. (2011). Negative polarity and positive polarity: Licensing, variation, and composi-tionality. In K. von Heusinger, C. Maienborn, & P. Portner (Eds.), The Handbook of Natu-ral Language Meaning (pp. 660-712). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Gorbunova, N. (2005). Yazy`kotvorchestvo Dzh. Dzhojsa. Avtorskie anomalii: okkazionalizm ili ne-ologizm? (The formation of new words and expressions by J. Joyce. Author’s anomalies: Occasionalisms or neologisms?, in Russian). Retrieved July 21, 2022, from

Gridina, T. A. (1996). Language game: Stereotype and creativity. Ekaterinburg: Ural. GPI.

Grigoryev, S. L., Saenko, N. R., Volkova, P. S., & Kortunov, V. V. (2022). Medial turn in education: Philosophy of understanding words and images. Frontiers in Education, 7. doi:10.3389/feduc.2022.856616

Harris, R. A. (1995). The linguistics wars. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.

Isaikina, M., Nedogreeva, N., & Pokotilo, A. (2021). Rol` metapredmetny`kh obrazovatel`ny`kh re-zul`tatov v formirovanii professional`nogo samosoznaniya obuchayushhikhsya (Role of Metasubject Educational Results in Learners’ Professional Self-Consciousness Formation, in Russian). Russian Journal of Education and Psychology, 12(3), 7-18.

Ivanova, I., Wardlow, L., Warker, J. & Ferreira, V. S. (2017). The effect of anomalous utterances on language production. Memory & Cognition, 45, 308-319.

Kluender, R, & Kutas, M. (1993). Subjacency as a processing phenomenon. Language and Cognitive Processes, 8, 573-633.

Kobozeva, I. M., & Laufer, N. I. (1990). Yazy`kovy`e anomalii v proze A. Platonova cherez prizmu proczessa verbalizaczii (Language anomalies in A. Platonov’s prose through the prism of the process of verbalization, in Russian). In N. D. Arutyunova (Ed.), Logicheskij analiz yazy`ka: Protivorechivost` i anomal`nost` teksta: Sbornik nauchny`kh trudov (Logical anal-ysis of the language: Inconsistency and anomalous text: Collected works: FYI USSR Acad-emy of Sciences) (pp. 194-224). Moscow: Science.

Kozlova, L. A. (2012). Yazy`kovy`e anomalii kak sredstvo realizaczii kreativnogo potencziala yazy`ka i ikh funkczii v tekste (Language anomalies as means of implementing creative potential of the language and their functions in the text, in Russian). Bulletin of the Irkutsk State Linguistic University: Philology, 2 (18), 121-128.

Krifka, M. (1990). Polarity phenomena and alternative semantics. In M. Stokhof, & J. Torenvliet (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Amsterdam Colloquium (pp. 277-301). Amsterdam: Univ. Amsterdam.

Krifka, M. (1995). The semantics and pragmatics of polarity items. Linguistic Analysis, 25, 209-257.

Kus’ko, E. Y. (1980). Yazykovyye problemy sovremennoy khudozhestvennoy literatury. Predstavlen-naya rech? v literature GDR (The language problems of the contemporary fiction. Represent-ed speech in the literature of the GDR, in Russian). Lviv: Vusshaya Schola.

Martinovich, G. A., & Semenov, P. ?. (2006). Terminologicheskij slovar`: Russkij yazy`k. Stilistika. Kul`tura rechi (Terminology dictionary: Russian. Stylistics. Speech culture, in Russian). St. Petersburg: Fantom Press.

McGilvray, J. (2001). Chomsky on the creative aspect of language use and its implications for lexical semantics studies. In F. Busa, & P. Bouillon (Eds.), The language of word meaning (pp. 5-27). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McGilvray, J. (2005). Meaning and creativity. In J. McGilvray (Ed.), The Cambridge companion to Chomsky (pp. 204-222). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ouden, B. (1975). Language and creativity: An interdisciplinary essay in Chomskyan humanism. Lisse: The Peter De Ridder Press.

Petrov, V. V. (1987). Yazyk i logicheskaya teoriya (Language and theory of logics, in Russian). New Ideas in Foreign Linguistics, 18, 5-23.

Pisanova, P. N. (2018). Yazy`kovy`e anomalii v khudozhestvennom tekste: e`steticheskij e`ffekt yazy`kovoj igry` Khulio Kortasara (Language Anomalies in the Artistic Text: The Aesthetic Effect of the Language Game of Julio Cortazar, in Russian). Bulletin of the Moscow State Linguistic University. Humanitarian Sciences, 11, 90-100.

Pishchalnikova, V. A. (2000). Yazy`kovaya igra kak lingvisticheskoe yavlenie (Language game as a linguosynergetic phenomenon, in Russian). In V. A. Pishchalnikova, T. A. Golikova, E. V. Nagaitseva (Eds.), Yazy`kovoe by`tie cheloveka i e`tnosa: psikholingvisticheskij i kognitivny`j aspekty`: Sbornik statey. Vy`pusk 2 (Linguistic being of a person and ethnos: Psycholinguis-tic and cognitive aspects: Collected works. Issue 2, in Russian), (pp. 105-116). Barnaul: Al-gSU.

Pogosyan, V. (2021). Updating social theory: Redefinition of modernisation. WISDOM, 19(3), 182-193. doi:10.24234/wisdom.v19i3.486

Popov, E. A. (2012). Yazy`kovaya norma i alogizm (Language norm and alogism, in Russian). Phi-lology: Scientific Research, 4(08), 59-61.

Popova, T. V., Ratsiburskaya, L. V., & Gugunava, D. V. (2011). Neologiya i neografiya sovremen-nogo russkogo yazy`ka (Neology and neography of the modern Russian language, in Rus-sian). Moscow: Flinta.

Radbil, T. B. (2012). Yazykovyye anomalii v khudozhestvennom tekste: Andrey Platonov i dr. (Lan-guage anomalies in the literary text: Andrey Platonov and others, in Russian). Moscow: Flinta.

Rukavishnikova, O., Saenko, N., & Panova, E. (2020). Evil crystallizing in children’s fiction as cul-tural echoes of the 20th century. Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25(Extra 12), 93-101. doi:10.5281/zenodo.4280094

Saenko, N., Voronkova, O., Volk, M., & Voroshilova, O. (2019). The social responsibility of a sci-entist: Philosophical aspect of contemporary discussions. Journal of Social Studies Educa-tion Research, 10(3), 332-345.

Saenko, N., Voronkova, O., Zatsarinnaya, E., & Mikhailova, M. (2020). Philosophical and cultural foundations of the concept of “nihitogenesis”. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 11(1), 88-103.

Safronova, I. P. (2004). E`steticheskie funkczii punktuaczii v poe`zii Mariny` Czvetaevoj: Na mate-riale cziklov “Stikhi k Bloku” i “Stikhi k Pushkinu” (Aesthetic functions of punctuation in Marina Tsvetaeva’s poetry: by the example of the poetic cycles “Poems to Blok and “Poems to Pushkin”, in Russian). (PhD dissertation, Udmurt State University, Izhevsk, Russia). Re-trieved July 20, 2022, from

Sakharova, E. V. (2018). Avtorskaya punktuacziya v poe`zii M. Czvetaevoj (Author’s punctuation in M. Tsvetaeva’s poetry, in Russian). Language. Culture. Communications, 1. Retrieved July 20, 2022, from

Salimova, D. ?. (2006). Anomal`nost` kak stileobrazuyushhaya cherta tvorchestva M. I. Czvetaevoj (Anomaly as a style-forming feature of M. I. Tsvetaeva’s oeuvre, in Russian). In A. I. Razzhivin (Ed.), Tvorchestvo M. I. Czvetaevoj v kontekste evropejskoj i russkoj literaturnoj tradiczii. Materialy` Tret`ikh Mezhdunarodny`kh Czvetaevskikh chtenij (Creativity of M. I. Tsvetaeva in the context of European and Russian literary tradition, Proc. of the Third In-ternational Tsvetaeva readings) (pp. 69-78). Elabuga: EGPU.

Shteba, A. A. (2018). E`stetika oshibok: punktuaczionno-orfograficheskij aspect (Aesthetics of the mistakes: punctuation and orthographic aspect, in Russian). Ecology of Language and Communication Practice, 3, 10-19.

Tsvetaeva, M. (1994). T. 5: Avtobiograficheskaya proza. Stat`i. E`sse. Perevody` (Vol. 5: Autobio-graphical prose. Articles. Essay. Translations, in Russian). In Sobranie sochinenij v 7 tomakh (Collected works: In 7 Vols., in Russian). Moscow: Ellis Luck.

Tsvetaeva, M. I. (1988). T. 2: Proza; Pis`ma (Vol. 2: Prose. Letters, in Russian). In Sochineniya v 2 tomakh (Collected Works. In 2 volumes, in Russian) (pp. 15-630). Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya Literatura.

Valgina, N. S. (1978). Stilisticheskaya rol` znakov prepinaniya v poe`zii M. Czvetaevoj (The stylistic role of punctuation marks in M. Tsvetaeva’s poetry, in Russian). Russian Speech, 6, 54-57.

Vidanov, E. Uu., & Mul, I. L. (2019). Kogda oshibka bol`she, chem oshibka: ot banal`nogo k tvorcheskomu (When a mistake is more than a mistake: From common to creative, in Rus-sian). Uralskiy philological bulletin. Language. System. Personality: Linguistics of creativi-ty, 2, 32-48.

Vu, T. (2019). Theoretical constructs and practical strategies for intercultural communication. Journal of Curriculum Studies Research, 1(1), 43-53.

Yartseva, N. V. (1990). Lingvisticheskij e`ncziklopedicheskij slovar` (Linguistic encyclopedic diction-ary, in Russian). Moscow: Publishing house “Soviet Encyclopedia”.




How to Cite

PUCHININA, O., & KORMILTSEVA, A. (2022). Language-Philosophy Anomalies in the Framework of Free Indirect Speech: By the Example of Marina Tsvetaeva’s Prose. WISDOM, 3(2), 237–248.