The Philosophy of the Modern Age: The Issue of the Source of Meaningful Presence
Keywords:philosophy, Modern Age, being in itself, Heidegger, meaningful presence
A brief analysis of the philosophy of the Modern Age has allowed establishing the following. (1) The idea of philosophy, formulated by Plato, has hold sway in modern history. It corresponds to the demands of a new reality, which is revealed as a process. (2) In the context of a new reality, the idea of philosophy revealed previously unknown qualities. Martin Heidegger proved that the idea of philosophy does not need Mediators or any other external source. Instead, the unity of certain discourse and way of life has an inner source, which Heidegger coined the term “the appropriated clearing” (die ereignete Lichtung). This source reveals in the idea of philosophy the potency (????????, dúnamis), which under certain conditions is capable of transforming an individual discourse and a way of life independently.
Bazaluk, O., & Kharchenko, L. (2018). The philosophy of the cosmos as the new universal philosophical teaching about being. Philosophy and Cosmology, 21, 6-13. doi:10.29202/phil-cosm/21/1
Gonzalez, F. J. (2019). Movement versus activity: Heidegger’s 1922/23 seminar on Aristotle’s ontology of life. British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 27(3), 615-634. doi:10.1163/15691640-12341404
Hadot, P. (2005). Filosofiya kak sposob zhit’: Besedy s Zhanni Karliye i Arnol'dom I. Devidsonom (Philosophy as a way of life: conversations with Jeannie Carlier and Arnold I. Davidson, in Russian). Moscow, Saint Petersburg: Stepnoy veter.
Hegel, G. W. F. (2010). In M. Baur (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the philosophical sciences in basic outline. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https://academiaanalitica.files.wordpress.com/2016/10/georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel-encyclopaedia-of-the-philosophical-sciences-in-basic-outline_-part.pdf
Heidegger, M. (1949). Letter on “Humanism”. (F. A. Capuzzi, Trans.). Retrieved from https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/english/currentstudents/undergraduate/modules/en354/syllabus/seminars/letteronhumanism1949.pdf
Heidegger, M. (1986). Ucheniye Platona ob istine (Plato’s doctrine of truth, in Russian) (T. Vasilyeva, Trans.). In Istoriko-filosofskii yezhegodnik (Historical and Philosophical Yearbook) (pp. 255-275). Moscow: Nauka.
Heidegger, M. (1997). Bytiye i vremya (Being and time, in Russian). Moscow: Ad Marginem.
Heidegger, M. (2006). Nitsshe i pustota (Nietzsche and emptiness, in Russian). Moscow: Eksmo.
Heidegger, M. (2018). Heraclitus: The inception of occidental thinking; and, logic: Heraclitus’s doctrine of the logos. (J. G. Assaiante & S. M. Ewegen, Trans.). Bloomsbury.
Jaeger, W. (1947). Paideia: The ideals of Greek culture: Volume II: In search of the divine centre. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Retrieved from https://archive.org/stream/werner-jaeger-paideia-the-ideals-of-greek-culture-vol2#page/n1/mode/2up
Jaeger, W. (1986). Paideia: The ideals of Greek culture: Volume III: The conflict of cultural ideals in the age of Plato. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant, I. (1964). Sochineniya v shesti tomakh (Works in six volumes, in Russian). Moscow: Mysl.
Kieliszek, Z. (2020). Human education towards goodness. The potential of the Kantian concept of “perpetual peace” in shaping future peaceful relations among nations. Philosophy and Cosmology, 24, 151-158. doi:10.29202/phil-cosm/24/15
Koyr?, A. (1999). Filosofskaya evolyutsiya Martina Khaydeggera (Martin Heidegger’s philosophical evolution, in Russian). Logos (Logos), 10, 113-136. Retrieved from http://www.ruthenia.ru/logos/number/1999_10/06.htm#_ftn1
Krichevsky, S. (2020). Creation of a “cosmic” human: Ideas, technologies, projects, experience, risks, limitations, and prospects. Future Human Image, 13, 32-45. doi:10.29202/fhi/13/4
Liddell, H.G. & Scott, R. (1940). A Greek-English lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Markie, P. (2017). Rationalism vs. empiricism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rationalism-empiricism/
Nietzsche, Fr. (1990). Sochineniya v dvukh tomakh (Works in two volumes, in Russian). Moscow: Mysl.
Okorokov, V. (2018). Limits of thought in the light of nature and divinity. A return to ancient thought or the quest for the being of primordial thinking in the later Heidegger. Philosophy and Cosmology, 20, 170-184. doi:10.29202/phil-cosm/20/17
Plato (2020). Republic. Retrieved from http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/searchresults?q=Republic
Plato (2020). Timaeus. Retrieved from http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/searchresults?q=Timaeus
Rubinstein, M. (2008). O smysle zhizni. Trudy po filosofii tsennosti, teorii obrazovaniya i universitetskomu voprosu ( On the meaning of life. Works on the philosophy of value, theory of education and university issue, in Russian). Moscow: Territory Budushchego.
Safranski, R. (2005). Khaydegger: germanskiy master i ego vremya (Heidegger: A master from Germany and his time, in Russian) (T. Baskakova, Trans.). Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya.
Seibt, J. (2020). Process philosophy. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2020/entries/process-philosophy
Sheehan, T. (2014). Making sense of Heidegger: A paradigm shift. Rowman & Littlefield International.
Stelmakh, S., & Kotova, S. (2020). Concept of an “ideal Europe” in the philosophical discourse during World War I (1914-1918): British rationalism versus German “individualism”. Future Human Image, 13, 94-101. https://doi.org/10.29202/fhi/13/10
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Author and scientific journal WISDOM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.