Associative Identification of Proper Names: A Cognitive Approach
Keywords:proper name, associative experiment, stimulus, association, cognitive onomastics
Mental lexicon is a storage which holds the data about everything we know until it is required to be used. Onyms are stored in the mental lexicon in the form of concepts as individual units of knowlegde which reflect personal experience of the human being. The goal of the research is to explore the common ways of associative comprehension of proper names in order to better understand their essence and meanings they exhibit. The view is substantiated that transition from traditional to cognitive onomastic research will help to settle disputes among onomasticians and language philosophers as to the controversial subject of semantic and referential status of proper names.
The study is carried out on the material of the English official horse names as they are considered to be one of the proper name classes with the highest degree of arbitrariness of nomination. In this research, the author conducts a free associative experiment with 250 English native speakers. As the experimental material 5 stimuli of official hipponyms were chosen as well as the results of a free associative experiment of total quantity of 1136 reactions. The result of the study was the conclusion that the ways of associative identification of onyms depend not only on our presuppositional knowledge, direct or indirect experience in connection to a certain proper name, but also on a set of proprial and linguistic features peculiar to each name. The specificity of each proper name in this sense will determine the main mechanism of its associative identification.
Aleksieieva, N. M. (2019). Word-building and motivational features of English official hipponyms. Visnyk of Lviv University, Series Philology, 71(1), 235-247.
Brendler, S. (Ed.). (2016). Cognitive Onomastics. Hamburg: Baar.
Christophersen, P. (1939). The Articles. A Study of their Theory and Use in English. London: Copenhagen.
Coates, R. (2012). Eight issues in The Pragmatic Theory of Properhood. Acta Linguistica Lithuanica, 66, 119-140.
Florenskiy, P. O. (1993). Imena (Names, in Russian). Moskva: Kupina.
Gardiner, A. H. (1957). The Theory of Proper Names: A Controversial Essay. London: Oxford University Press.
Karpenko, O. Yu. (2007). Kohnityvna onomastyka yak napriamok piznannia vlasnykh nazv (Cognitive onomastics as a direction of proper names cognition, in Ukrainian). Dissertation. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
Langendonck, W. V. (2007). Theory and typology of proper names. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Losev, A. F. (1990). Iz rannikh proizvedeniy (From the Early Works, in Russian). Moscow: Pravda Press.
Mill, J. (2011). A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence, and the Methods of Scientific Investigation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nikonov, V. A. (1967). Imya i obshchestvo (Name and Society, in Russian). Moscow: Nauka.
Russell, B. (1948). Human Knowledge. Its Scope and Limits. London: Geoge Allen & Unwin.
Searle, J. (1958). Proper Names. Mind. New series, 67, 166-173.
Searle, J. (1969). Speech Acts. An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Valentine, T., Brennen, T., & Brédart, S. (2002). The Cognitive Psychology of Proper Names. London: Taylor & Francis.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Author and scientific journal WISDOM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, and providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.