Fractionalization of Unrecognized States in Europe


  • Torsten J. Selck University of Oldenburg's School of Educational and Social Sciences
  • Lilit Baghdasaryan Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg



fractionalization, unrecognized states


Aims: The data on ethnic fractionalization is out-of-date in some cases, and in the case of some countries there are no such data at all. We measure the ethnic, linguistic and religious fractionalization of unrecognized states in Europe –of Abkhazia, Northern Cyprus, Nagorno-Karabakh, Transnistria and Kosovo, which were up till now excluded from the scope of interest of fractionalization observers. Methods: Using the population census data of these countries, we measure the fractionalization with the one minus Herfindahl index. Results: Whether homogenous or heterogeneous, the levels of their fractionalization remain different. Therefore, the (non)recognition of a state has no effect on its level of fractionalization.


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Author Biographies

Torsten J. Selck, University of Oldenburg's School of Educational and Social Sciences

Professor of Comparative Politics, Vice dean at the University of Oldenburg's School of Educational and Social Sciences, Faculty member at the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS), Member of the Editorial board of the Journal of European Public Policy

Lilit Baghdasaryan, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg

PhD student in the Department of Social Sciences at Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Member of the Parliament of Lower Saxony, Ger­many


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How to Cite

Selck, T. J., & Baghdasaryan, L. (2016). Fractionalization of Unrecognized States in Europe. WISDOM, 6(1), 101–106.