Ontological Grounds of International Law
Keywords:international law, ontology and gnosiology of international law, state will, public interests, international legal system, principle of dialogue, interaction between international and national law
International law being a complexly structured, hierarchically organized and multi-aspect political and legal phenomenon has dialectical interconnection with universal material and spiritual culture, its past, functioning and development trends and it has human existence as its deep sensational basis, which represents centuries-old civilized togetherness of peoples and nations between them and has specific significance in a specific historical era. Therefore from the cognitive-aware and subject-essential viewpoints international law shall be treated as a form of international relationships, covered by law – i.e. international relationships are the object of regulation of international law and should be considered as a dynamic phenomenon or a consecutive process which represents universal motion principle when its certain status.
International law is a dialectical process of a single causal chain of social phenomena which spreads through time and space. The main feature of implementing its basic principles (defined ontologically as universal) relates legally to the field of “oughtness” as a moral onus of subjective will of sovereign states. It is principally difficult to establish fair international relationships upon observance of interests of international relationships subjects as it is impossible to develop a uniform and extensive scale of moral values that are common for all states.
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