Legal Theology in Interdisciplinary Discourse


  • Alexey OVCHINNIKOV Southern Federal University
  • Igor KOZHOKAR Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences



Legal theology, philosophy of law, legal culture, post-secularism, legal ideology, legal values


The paper as a research subject deals with the importance of a new interdisciplinary trend in studying the law – legal theology. The authors argue in favour of acknowledging the value of the theological dimension of law and legal awareness for the contemporary post-secular world. The aim of this paper is to substantiate the theoretical and practical value of legal theology for investigating legal awareness, shaping legal culture and legal theology of the contemporary Russian state. As a result of the theological dimension of law, the paper also focuses on spiritual and moral grounds of legal awareness, which determine legal values, ideals and beliefs of a personality as well as primarily impact the related criminal behaviour. For these purposes, to investigate legal awareness of a criminal, the authors appeal to orthodox anthropology based upon patristic concepts and teachings on combating egocentrism and aggression, as well as the reflection of passions which generate, originate the basic negative motives of legal mentality and legal awareness of an individual. The legal theology actualizes the ascetic study of legal awareness and enables in the context of the post-secular world to mobilize religious feelings and concerns in order to establish a steady rule of law.


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Author Biographies

Alexey OVCHINNIKOV, Southern Federal University

PhD, Doctor of Science in Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Southern Federal University. Area of interest: legal epistemology, philosophy of law, the legal policy of the state in the field of digital transformation of society, national security, the religious dimension of law and legal consciousness, neural networks and law, anti-corruption. Recent publications: “The use of artificial intelligence to combat corruption”, “Artificial intelligence in enforcement: epistemological analysis”, “Risks in the processes of digitalization of law and supply chain strategy in economic relations”.

Igor KOZHOKAR, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

PhD, Doctor of Science in Law, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Head of the Sector of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Area of interest: legal defectology, legal technology, legal system and system of legislation, legal facts, legal regulation, innovation. Recent publications: “On Legal Defects and Legal Defectology”, “Legal regulation: the concept and forms”, “Innovation and innovation activity: legal aspect”, “Conceptual regulatory defects”.


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How to Cite

OVCHINNIKOV, A., & KOZHOKAR, I. (2021). Legal Theology in Interdisciplinary Discourse. WISDOM, 1(1), 178–191.