Coalitions as a Factor in the Institutionalization of the Transition to Democracy
Keywords:Democratic transition, political system, parties, party system, coalition government, parliamentary governance, responsibility, quality of democracy, political elite, parliamentary culture
The article studies the behavioral models of parties in democratic change in terms of building coalitions and concluding “pacts” within the framework of their own value system. The party coalitions established as a consequence of Armenia’s presidential and legislative elections over the past 20 years are analyzed. Since 2003, and to this day, coalitions in Armenia have assumed only the consolidation of political personalities pursuing power and the formation of coalitions with “minimal gain”. The ineffectiveness of the political coalition is due to the formal nature of thematic and doctrinal discussions as a result of the absence of genuine communication between the ruling elite. The method is supported by evidence that the inefficiency of coalitions established in Armenia during the democratic transition period suggests that coalitions are one of the causes of political growth crises only in terms of maintaining their own interest-based system.
With this method, the authors demonstrate the persistence of Armenia’s political development crises in the context of democracy transition.
Ajspes erkar chi karogh sharunakvel (This canít continue that long: the ARF leaves the coalition, in Armenian). (2018). Retrieved September 20, 2022, from https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/136293 ang=eng
Almond, G. A., & Verba, S. (1989). The civic culture. Political attitudes and democracy in five nation. SAGE Publications Inc. Retrieved September 20, 2022, from http://dmuresource.edu.et/admin/home/Dmu%20Academic%20Resource//Postgraduate%20Studies/Political%20Science/%5BGabriel_Abraham_Almond%2C_Sidney_Verba%5D_The_Civic_C%28z-lib.org%29.pdf
Diamond, L., Plattner, M. F., Chu, Yunñhan, & Tien, Hungñmao (1997). Consolidating the third wave democracies. The John Hopkins University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56021/9780801857959
HH Sahmanadrutjun (RA Constitution, in Armenian). (1995). Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.arlis.am/documentview.aspx?docID=1
Hushagir 2018 dektemberin HH-um artahert khorhrdaranakan yntrutjunner anckacnelu veraberjal (A memorandum on conducting snap parliamentary elections in Armenia in December 2018, in Armenian). (2018). Retrieved September 20, 2022, from https://m.mamul.am/ru/post/83323 ang=eng
International covenant on civil and political rights. (1966). Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://www.ohchr.org/sites/default/files/ccpr.pdf
Koalicion hamakargy gaghtnazercvac e (The coalition agreement is declassified, in Armenian). (2007). Retrieved September 20, 2022, from https://www.aravot.am/2007/06/21/327697/
Lanny, M. W., & Vanberg, G. (2014). Parties and policymaking in multiparty governments: The legislative median, ministerial autonomy, and the coalition compromise. American Journal of Political Science, 58(4), 979-996. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ajps.12099
Laver, M., & Shepsle, K. A. (1996). Making and breaking governments: Cabinets and legislatures in parliamentary democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511625671
Linz J. J., & Valenzuela, A. (1994). The failure of presidential democracy: Comparative perspectives. (Vol. 1). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56021/9780801846397
Margaryan M. M. (2019). Qaghaqakan ardiakanacman hramayakannery Hayastani Hanrapetutyunum (Imperatives of political modernization in the Republic of Armenia, in Armenian). Yerevan: ìPublic Serviceî publication.
Melville, A. Yu. (2020). ìViyti is Gettoî: o vklade postsovetskikh issledovaniy (ìOut of the gettoî: On the constribution of Post-Soviet, in Russian). Russian Studies v sovremennuyu nauku (Russian studies to contemporary political science, in Russian), 1, 22-43. doi: 10.17976/jpps/2020.01.03 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.01.03
NA speaker presents his resignation. (2006). Retrieved September 20, 2021, from http://www.parliament.am/news.php?cat_id=2&NewsID=1845&year=2006&month=05&day=22%20ang=eng&lang=eng
OEK qaghaqakan khorhrdi voroshumy koaliciajum mnalu ´annpatakaharmarutjanª masin (The decision of the Rule of Law political council on the ìinexpediencyî of remaining in the coalition, in Armenian). (2014). Retrieved August 20, 2022, from https://news.am/arm/news/204857.html ang=eng
Qaghaqakan kwaliciaji hushagir (Memorandum of political coalition, in Armenian). (2003). Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://old.arfd.am/?p=960 ang=eng
Qarakoghm koalicion hamadzaynagiry storagrvec (The quadrilateral coalition is signed, in Armenian). (2008). Retrieved August 20, 2022, from https://archive.168.am/articles/13313 ang=eng
Rose, R., & Mishler, W. A (2010). Supply-demand model of party-system institutionalization: The Russian case. Party Politics, 16(6), 801-822. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068809346074
The convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. (1950). Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://www.echr.coe.int/documents/convention_eng.pdf
The universal declaration on human rights. (1948). Retrieved October 25, 2021, from https://www.un.org/en/about-us/universal-declaration-of-human-rights
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Edgar Aleksanyan, Mariam Margaryan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, and providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.