Critical Remarks on the Essence and Scope of Philosophy of Religion
Keywords:philosophy of religion, religious philosophy, theology, philosophical theology, natural theology, religious metaphysics, philosophy, religious studies, the phenomenon of religion, the essence of religion
The goal of this article to critically examine the essence and scope of philosophy of religion, its place and relation to philosophy and religious studies. Philosophy of religion is not only interrelated to both philosophy and religious studies but it is an inter-disciplinary field of knowledge. Philosophy of religion, being an inter-disciplinary field on the boundary of philosophy and religious studies and as a phenomenon of western rationalistic tradition, is engaged in conceptual and theoretical examination and analysis of the content of religion. Philosophical reflections on religious matters, concepts, claims and practices, the origin of religion, relation between religion and other fields of knowledge and culture, and so on, are the scope of philosophy of religion. Philosophy of religion is based on rational approach. One of the functions of philosophy of religion is to verify whether the religious or theological claims and statements are trustworthy and rational, true or false, from the standpoint of logic. Viewed from this position philosophy of religion ought to be, to some extent, a normative discipline, a feature that has been overlooked by many scholars and philosophers of religion. Philosophy of religion is philosophical examination and comprehension of the phenomenon and essence of religion.
Adam, D. S., (2003). Theology. In J. Hastings (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Vol. 12). London: T & T Clark.
Evans, C. S., (1982). Philosophy of Religion: Thinking About Faith. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press.
Gurevich, P. S. (2007). Religiovedenie (Religious Studies, in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow-Voronezh: NPO MODEK.
Hegel, G. W. F. (1988). Lectures on the PhilosÐ¾phy of Religion. One-Volume Edition, The Lectures of 1827. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press.
Helm, P. (1991). Philosophy of Religion. In S. B. Ferguson, D. F. Wright (Eds.), New Dictionary of Theology (pp. 513-515). Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press.
Hick, J., (1990). Philosophy of Religion (4th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.
Hospers, J., (1997). An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis (4th ed.). London: Routledge.
Kimelev, Yu. A. (1998). Filosofiya religii: Sistematicheskii Ocherk (Philosophy of Religion: Systematic Survey, in Russian). Moscow: Nota Bene.
Meister, C., (2009). Introducing Philosophy of Religion. London and New York: Routledge.
Peterson, M., Hasker, W., Reichenbach, B., & Basinger, D. (1991). Reason and Religious Belief: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pivovarov, D. V., (2006). Filosofiya religii (Philosophy of Religion, in Russian). Moscow: Academicheskii Proekt.
Proudfoot, W. (1987). Philosophy of Religion. In M. Eliade (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Religion (Vol. 11, pp. 305-334). London & New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Radugin, A. (2001). Vvedenie v religiovedenie (Introduction to Religious Studies, in Russian). Moscow: Centr.
Shakhnovich, M. M. (Ed.). (2015). Filosofiya religii (Philosophy of Religion, in Russian). Moscow: Yurait.
Stepanyan, A. (2017). Critical Remarks on the Theoretical Significance of Vahanian’s Death of God Theology (Brief Review). WISDOM, 9(2), 56-66.
Stepanyan, A. (2012). Kroni astvac’abanakan ev pilisopayakan hayecakargeri y’ndhanur bnutagiry’ (General Characterictics of Theological and Philosophical Concepts of Religion, in Armenian). Kantegh, 51(2), 230-235.
Taliaferro, Ch. (2003). Philosophy of Religion. In N. Bunnin & E. P. TsuiJames (Eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy (pp. 453-489). (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Taliaferro, Ch. (2019, Spring). Philosophy of Religion. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclo-pedia of Philosophy. Retrieved March 28, 2019 from:
Vermishyan, A., & Stepanyan, A. (2015). “Kroni masin gitutyuny” ev kronagitutyuny vorpes inqnuruyn gitakarger (Science of Religion and Religious Studies as Self-Reliant Disciplines, in Armenian). WISDOM, 4(1), 97-108.
Yablokov, I. N. (Ed.). (2004). Osnovi religiovedeniya (Basics of Religious Studies, in Russian) (4th ed.). Moscow: Visshaya Shkola.
Yablokov, I. N. (Ed.). (2016). Religiovedenie (Religious Studies, in Russian). Moscow: Yurait.
How to Cite
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.