The Folk Medicine Concept in Vernacular English of the XIX Century


  • Oleksandra PALCHEVSKA Lviv State University of Life Safety
  • Alla LUCHYK National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”
  • Iryna ALEKSANDRUK Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Oksana LABENKO Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Viktoriia SHABUNINA Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv



Folk Medicine, vernacular English, concept, cultural concepts, cognitive activity, folk names of diseases, superstition


The research is devoted to studying the Folk Medicine concept in English based on British ethnographic and folklore materials, as well as dictionaries of dialects published in the XIX and early XX centuries. The work aims to analyse the Folk Medicine concept and its representation as a component of the folk world picture, verbalised in that time’s medical language, the core of which is a set of folk nominations used to denote folk names of diseases associated with ancient medical practices. On the periphery, folk texts represent superstitions as necessary constituents of folk medical practices connected with the mentioned nominal units. A comprehensive methodology of conceptual analysis allowed identifying the basic ideas about Folk Medicine. Based on the statement that the meaningful component of the Folk Medicine concept is realised in the folk consciousness, the key verbalised nominations’ definitions denoting the disease names, and their compatibility with adjectives and verbs, were analysed. The influence of medical rites and rituals on the semantics of lexical units was proved. The analysis identified the basic semantic features of the Folk Medicine concept, including ethnonymic, colourative, anthroponymic, mythological, spatial and temporal components.


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Author Biographies

Oleksandra PALCHEVSKA, Lviv State University of Life Safety

PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages and Translation Studies, Lviv State University of Life Safety, Lviv, Ukraine.

Alla LUCHYK, National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”

PhD, Dr. of Science in Linguistics, Professor at the Department of General and Slavic Linguistics, National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Iryna ALEKSANDRUK, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages for Chemistry and Phisics-Related Faculties, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Oksana LABENKO, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages for the Faculties of History and Philosophy, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Viktoriia SHABUNINA, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

PhD, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages for the Faculties of History and Philosophy, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.


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How to Cite

PALCHEVSKA, O., LUCHYK, A., ALEKSANDRUK, I., LABENKO, O., & SHABUNINA, V. (2022). The Folk Medicine Concept in Vernacular English of the XIX Century. WISDOM, 3(2), 226–236.

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