Philosophical-Anthropological Concepts of Subject and Subjectivity as a Genesis of Women’s Emancipation
Keywords:philosophy, subject, self-consciousness, man-woman relationships, genesis of emancipation
The study examine the problems existing in the Ottoman Empire of the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, which are related to the philosophical-antropological categories of subject and subjectivity in male-female relationships, the identification of female-male identities, to the internal domains of their coverage, as well as the possibilities of women’s emancipation and realization of their rights in a patriarchal society.
The philosophical concepts of woman-subject and subjectivity were studied based on the philosophical-anthropological-feminist contexts of the works of Western Armenian female authors who were engaged in literary activities in the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, as well as the contexts of socio-cultural and conceptual transformations of women’s emancipation.
Their manifestations and changes in society are viewed as the genesis of women’s emancipation. This is an interdisciplinary study, so the material has been analyzed in the context of mutual connections and relationships between Philosophy, Literary Studies and Anthropology. The research is unprecedented since analysis of this kind has been attempted for the first time. It is also important and up-to-date in terms of analyses of women’s issues in the scope of Armenological Studies.
Barthes, R. (1989). Izbrannie raboti: Semiotika. Poetika. (Selected works: Semiotics. Poetics, in Russian). Moscow: Progress.
Beauvoir, S. De. (1956). The second sex. (H.M. Parshley, Trans. & Ed.). London: Jonathan Cape.
Cixous, H. (1976, Summer). The laugh of the medusa. (K. Cohen, & P. Cohen, Trans.). Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 1(4), 875-893. Retrieved October 10, 2022, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3173239 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/493306
Foucault, M. (2010). Istoriya bezumiya v klassicheskuyu epoxu (A history of madness in the classical age, in Russian). Saint Petersburg: Universitetskaya kniga.
Hambardzumyan, N. (2021). K. Polsi hayots baregortsakan ynkerutyunneri yev varjaranneri derakatarutsyuny kanants azatagrutyan gortsyntatsnerum 19-rd dari erkrord kesin (The role of Armenian charities and colleges in the process of womenís emancipation in the second half of the 19th century in Constantinople, in Armenian). Scientific Artsakh, 4(11), 35-43. doi: 10.52063/25792652-2021.4-35
Hambardzumyan, N. (2022). K. Polsi mshakutayin baregortsakan yev parzasirats ynkerutyunneri yev miutyunneri derakatarutyuny kanants azatagrutyan gortsyntatsnerum 19-rd dari yerkrord kesin (The role of cultural charitable and plain-loving societies and unions in the process of womenís emancipation in the second half of the 19th century in Constantinople, in Armenian). Scientific Artsakh, 1(44), 61-70. doi: 10.52063/25792652-2022.1.12-61 DOI: https://doi.org/10.52063/25792652-2021.4-35
Hambardzumyan, N., & Parsadanyan S. (2022). The philosophy of education and upbringing as the quintessence of womenís emancipation. WISDOM, Special Issue: Philosophy of Education, 4(3), 40-47. https://doi.org/10.24234/wisdom.v4i3.922 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24234/wisdom.v4i3.922
Irigaray, L. (1985). This sex which is not one. (C. Porter, & C. Burke, Trans). New York: Cornel University Press: Ithaca.
Kamuf, P. (Ed.) (1991). A Derrida Reader. Between the blinds: Sexual difference, ontological difference. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kesaratsian, E. (1862a). Dastiarakutyun oriordac (Upbringing of maidens, in Armenian). Ki-tar(Guitar: Monthly magazine, in Armenian), 2(12), 12-14: Constantinople: Tpagratun: R. Y. Khyurkchian.
Kesaratsian, E. (1862b). Iravunqn I gorts dnely handgnutyun che (Exercising the right is not au-dacity, in Armenian). Kitar(Guitar: Monthly magazine, in Armenian), 1, 7-8. Constantinople: Tpagratun: R. Y. Khyurkchian.
Kesaratsian, E. (1879). Namakani ar yntertsaser hayuhis (Collection of letters to a reading Armenian woman, in Armenian). Constantinople: Tpagratun Paronian.
Kharatyan, A. (1989). Arevmtahay parberakan ev graqnnutyuny Osmanyan Turqiayum (1857-1908): (Armenian periodical press and censorship in Ottoman Turkey (1857-1908), in Armenian). Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR. Yerevan: Publishing House HXSH.
Kristeva, J. (1981, Autumn). Womenís Time. (A. Jardine, & H. Blake, Trans.). Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 7(1), pp. 13-35. The University of Chicago Press. Retrieved October 10, 2022, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3173503 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/493855
Lacan, J. (2011). Eshcho: Seminar: Kniga ’’ (1972-1973) (More: Seminar. Book ’’ (1972-1973), in Russian). Ãoscow: Gnozis Logos.
Mitchell, J. (1975). Psychoanalysis and feminism: Freud, reich, laing, and women. (Reprint of the ed. published by Pantheon Books). New York: Vintage Books. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3683952
Nietzsche, F. (1994). On the genealogy of morality. (C. Diethe, Trans.; K. Ansell-Pearson, Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sartr, Zh-P. (2009). Bitie i nichto: Opit fenomenologicheskoy ontologii (Being and nothingness: An experience of phenomenological ontology, in Russian). Ãoscow: AST.
Showalter, E. (1977). Literature of their own: British women novelists from Bronte to Les-sing. Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9780691221960
Showalter, E. (1979). Towards a feminist poetics. Twentieth-century literary theory. (1st ed.) London: Routledge.
Showalter, E. (1985). The female malady women, madness, and English culture: 1830-1980. New York: Penguin Books.
Sipil (1891). Axjkan myí sirtyí (A girlís heart, in Armenian). Constantinople: Tchivelekean publishing house.
Solomon, R. (2005). Subjectivity, in Honderich. United Kingdom, Ted. Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Tyusab, S. (1881a). Qani myí xosq kanants angortsutyan masin (A few words about womenís inactivity, in Armenian). Arevelean Mamul. Zmyurnia (Smirna, in Armenian), 9, 344-349. Retrieved October 10, 2022, from https://tert.nla.am/archive/NLA%20AMSAGIR/Arevelyan%20Mamul/1881/1881(9).pdf
Tyusab, S. (1881b). Kanants ashxatutean skzbunqy (The principle of womenís work, in Armenian). Arevelean Mamul. Zmyurnia (Smirna, in Armenian), 12, 452-458. Retrieved October 10, 2022, from https://tert.nla.am/archive/NLA%20AMSAGIR/Arevelyan%20Mamul/1881/1881(12).pdf
Tyusab, S. (1883). Mayta (Mayta, in Armenian). Constantinople: Zardarian Publishing House.
Tyusab, S. (1884). Siranush (Siranush, in Armenian). Constantinople: Nshan K. Perperean.
Tyusab, S. (1887). Araksia kam varzhuhi (Araksia or the governess, in Armenian). Constantinople: Arev.
Weber, M. (1990). Izbranniye proizvedenia (Selected works, in Russian). Ãoscow: Progress.
Wilson, E. (1982). Minor writing an autobiography. London: Virago.
Yesayan, Z. (1935). Silihtari partezner (Gardens of Silihtar, in Armenian). Yerevan: Antares.
Zherebkina, I. (2007). Subíektivností i gender: gendernaya teoriya subíekta v sovremennoy filosofskoy antropologii (Subjectivity and gender: the gender theory of the subject in modern philosophical anthropology, in Russian). Ãoscow: Aleteya.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 scientific journal WISDOM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.