The Vision And The Enigma: Nietzsche’s Aura In De Chirico’s Art


  • Lucio GIULIODORI People’s Friendship’s University
  • Elena Alexandrovna NOTINA People’s Friendship’s University



Giorgio De Chirico, Friedrich Nietzsche, Avant-gardes, Metaphysical Art, Italian Studies, Italian Art, Philosophy of Art, Neuroaesthetics, Illness


Giorgio De Chirico definitely stands out as a peculiar character of the Italian Novecento and his art ties directly with Nietzsche’s philosophy whose eternal questions paved the way to his “immanent metaphysics” which is typified and pervaded by ever-present melancholia brought about by a heightened awareness of the death of God.

Grappling with “the world seen for the first time” De Chirico’s narrative does not depict reality rather its ghost, the latter is seen by dint of revelations and hallucinations.

This paper sheds light onto some significant kinships between the two characters as not only philosophical concerns are vital but illness too. The philosopher suffered since his very childhood from severe migraine and then from a psychiatric illness with depression while the painter unknowingly suffered from migraine aura. This ailment, affecting the fragile border amid perceived reality and hallucinated reality, turned out to be a remarkable source of inspiration which boosted the visions and the enigmas the artist was entwined with.

Overall, Nietzsche ushered in a picture of the world that De Chirico has wholeheartedly shared, however, in the light of his disorder, the empathy went even further, and this is the noteworthy aspect this paper aims at underscoring.


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Author Biographies

Lucio GIULIODORI , People’s Friendship’s University

(PhD, Dr. of Science in Philosophy) is Senior Lecturer of Italian at People’s Friendship’s University, Moscow, Russia. His areas of interest include the avant-gardes, Italian studies and perennial philosophy. He is the author of about thirty scientific articles. Recent publications: “Umbrian Futurist landscapes: Gerardo Dottori’s Aeropainting”, “Paintings and hallucinations: Giorgio De Chirico’s aura”, “In search of the Self, through paintings-beyond paintings: Dino Valls”.

Elena Alexandrovna NOTINA , People’s Friendship’s University

(PhD in Linguistics and Translation Theory) - Graduate of the Maurice Thorez Institute of Foreign Languages. Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages of RUDN University. Her research focuses on comparative linguistics, translation theory and practice, cross-cultural communication. Elena has published over 200 scientific papers, including monograph “Translation and Scientific communication” and manuscripts “Modern Scientific Communication and its Efficacy through the Prism of Science Education: Dialectic Interaction between Cognition and Discourse Phenomena”; “The Mosaic of Ecological Discourse in the Light of Translation Studies and Cognition”, both in collaboration with Nebojša Radić, Director of Cambridge University Language Programmes.


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How to Cite

GIULIODORI , L., & NOTINA , E. A. (2019). The Vision And The Enigma: Nietzsche’s Aura In De Chirico’s Art. WISDOM, 13(2), 156–167.




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